This is a cousin to the "outside and inside" rolls as discussed above but it "scrapes" the ball backwards. Start with the ball between your feet. Fake up to the top of the ball with your right foot in a kicking motion, but stop with your cleats on top of the ball. Then "pull-back" the ball by "scraping" your cleats backwards to get the ball rolling behind you. Now you can turn either clockwise or counterclockwise to face the ball again. If you used your right foot to "pull-back" and you turn clockwise or towards the pull-back leg it is a "turn-with pull-back". If however, your turn counterclockwise away from the right leg, it is a "turn-away pull-back". You should learn them both. The "turn-away pull-back" is the better of the two since you can continue to face a defender while you change direction and not "spin" away from him and risk losing site of him and his attempt at a steal.
KEY POINTS: The pull-back moves are some of the first moves kids learn and initially they get a lot of milage out of them. Unfortunately, they get overused and often times used in the wrong places, especially against older and more skilled defenders. They are best used deep in the offensive third of the field, usually off to the sides to quickly change directions on a slashing attack. They should not be used anywhere near one's own penalty area or anywhere in the middle of the field where an alert defender could begin a dangerous breakaway. The shielding turns like the stepovers, 3/4 shield turns and the "sharp inside/outside cuts" are safer in these areas.
FAKE KICK INTO INSIDE / OUTSIDE CUTS (a.k.a. "chop" turns)
Everyone knows how to cut the ball with the inside and outside of the feet. The difference in this move is to cut the ball very "sharply" backwards to the inside or outside, and set it up with a fake kick.
Begin by dribbling forward. Touch the ball a little in front of your feet, plant your left foot near the ball and wind up with your right leg like you are going to shoot (or kick the ball hard). Instead of shooting you bring your right leg down in a "chopping" motion to cut the ball backwards across the front of your body. It has to be a very sharp cut back towards your left foot and maybe even in towards yourself. You may even have to hop out of the way with your left foot. Then continue in that new direction and do another with the left foot. This is known as the "inside cut".
The "outside cut" begins the same, but after the fake right kick, instead of "chopping" down of the ball, you "sweep" it away with the outside of your right foot away from the defender. This is a less aggressive move and actually shields the ball as well.
KEY POINTS: Cutting the ball with the inside of the foot is the most basic maneuver in soccer. If it is done without some sort of a "fake" or violent change of pace, it is doomed to end up between you and the defender in another frustrating and purposeless kicking battle. What makes this move work is that it is preceded by the fake kick which "wrong-foots" the defender and then the cut has to be extremely sharp, literally a "chop" backwards and maybe even slightly into you.
STEPOVER 180 TURNS
(This is a very important turn! Watch the pros, you will see variations of this turn a dozen times a game.) Start with the ball between your feet, as it is during your "in-betweens". Put your weight on your left foot as you swing your right foot up and over the ball (turning counter-clockwise towards the left). Plant the right foot down on the left side of the ball and step down. (This is the "stepover" part of the move and will be used in lots of fakes and feints). Now using that right foot as a pivot, spin (turning clockwise this time) around with your left foot, back towards the ball. Once you have turned a 180, take the ball with your left foot and begin to move in the other direction. The initial stepover move is also known as a "Rivelino" stepover and sometimes this turn is called a "Rivelino" turn.
-Another slight variation is to take the ball back with the outside of the right foot instead of using it as a pivot foot. Here you fake the "stepover" as you turn counter-clockwise over the ball with the right foot, just as before. Then instead of planting that right foot, you just tap it down and then back up as you begin to pivot back clockwise still on the left foot. Then you take the ball with the outside of the right foot (the stepover foot) and move back in the new direction. Personally, I prefer this variation. I think it is quicker and a little easier to do the pivot with cleats on grass fields.
KEY POINTS: The move becomes effective when the "stepover" looks like a shot or pass or lunge in that direction. This "sells" the "FAKE" and then you take the ball quickly in the other direction.
SHIELD TURNS (a.k.a. 3/4 turn or "Spin Turns")
If the inside cut is the most basic move in dribbling then the "shield turns" sometimes referred to as "3/4 shield turns" are a powerful way to use it. Start by dribbling forward towards a cone or mark that represents the defender. Just before reaching the mark, begin a series of sharp inside cuts with the inside of the right foot. The first cut turns you to the left, then immediately follow with another cut to be facing backwards, and immediately with another cut to end up facing to what initially was to your right. There should not be any extra steps between ball touches. The entire time the ball is shielded and multiple opportunities for lateral and trail passes are available. When done properly the dribbler can actually "shake-off" the defender and continue downfield.
KEY POINTS:Many defenders are taught some variation of the "3-ways" approach to 1v1 defense.. First get in the way, second turn them away, and third take it away. Modern defenders are some of the best athletes on the field and are experts at turning or "herding" the strikers to the sidelines. This is where the "3/4 shield turn can really work. The first cut is with the "herding" defender (in the same direction), but then suddenly after 2 more sharp cuts, the striker is free again towards the middle, or has space to make a pass.
It is a speed move and works best at a full run. If the first cut to the left is emphasized, the defender often over-reacts and when the second and third cuts quickly follow, they may lose contact completely.
The outside shield move (among others) was often used by soccer legend Franz Beckenbauer and some still call it the "Beckenbauer".
OK, I will admit that the "Cruyff move could easily be listed under the next heading - "Fakes to beat the opponent", but it is still a move that turns the player 180 in the opposite direction and has some similarities to both the "turn-away pull-back" and the "inside cut".
Start by dribbling the ball forward and plant your left foot near the ball as your right leg "winds-up" for a big kick or shot. Instead of shooting however, bring the right foot down and "chop" the ball backwards and underneath your left leg. You may even have to do a little "hop" or "skip" with your left foot to get it out of the way.
The difference between this move and the "turn-away pull-back" is that the "Cruyff" uses the "chop" with the inside of the foot while the pull-back uses a "scrape-roll" with the sole of the shoe.
KEY POINTS:This move takes a little practice. The classic Cruyff highlight clips show him moving diagonally to the right across the field near the opponents penalty box. He fakes a pass/kick towards the right flag but instead "chops" it underneath his left leg giving him space for a shot.
STOP HOP (a.k.a. "Half Garrincha")
From a full run, stop the rolling ball by briefly tapping the top of it with the sole of the right foot. Allow your momentum to sway a little forward as you lift the right foot off the top of the ball and "hop" onto the ground (just beyond the stopped ball). Now your left foot comes up and rests on the ball with the cleats as you turn to the side.
KEY POINTS:This little move allows the player to come to a screeching halt, then turn just a little and switch feet to prepare for the next move or pass. In the process, the defender usually flies by and when he returns you have the ball nicely "shielded" and your head is up for the next play. If you were to continue into a full spin with a left footed ball drag, then it would become more like a "true Garrincha".